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Skin-nontumor / Clinical Dermatology

Infestations

Tunga penetrans


Reviewer: Mowafak Hamodat, MB.CH.B, MSc., FRCPC, Eastern Health, St. Johns, Canada (see Reviewers page)
Revised: 1 July 2011, last major update July 2011
Copyright: (c) 2002-2011, PathologyOutlines.com, Inc.

General
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● Sand flea that burrows into human skin and skin of mammals, causing the disease tungiasis
● Parasite is common in tropical locations (South America, Caribbean, Africa, Pakistan, west coast of India)
● Single flea bite causes local discomfort
● Multiple bites cause debilitation and secondary infections (tetanus, gas gangrene)

Clinical description
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● Nodular lesion

Clinical images
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Infected sores


Adult female, 5 mm, that was surgically removed

Micro description
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● Skin biopsies show exoskeleton, hypodermal layer, trachea, digestive tract and developing eggs
● Striated muscle in 47%, posterior end in 43%
● Head usually absent
● The dermis contains mixed inflammatory cell infiltrate of lymphocytes, plasma cells and eosinophils

Micro images
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Single flea


Various images

Additional references
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Arch Pathol Lab Med 2002;126:714, eMedicine

End of Skin-nontumor / Clinical Dermatology > Infestations > Tunga penetrans


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