Other dermatoses

Author: Mowafak Hamodat, M.D. (see Authors page)

Revised: 25 February 2016, last major update August 2011

Copyright: (c) 2003-2016,, Inc.

PubMed Search: Scleroderma [title] skin
Definition / General
  • Either localized (morphea) or systemic (involving skin of face, upper trunk, hands and arms, esophagus, heart and lungs)
  • May have visceral disease without skin disease
  • May be associated with Raynaud's phenomenon, Borrelia burgdorferi infection
Clinical Features
  • Usually presents on trunk or extremities as one or several indurated plaques with ivory center and violaceous border (the "lilac ring")
  • Also lesions confined to breast
  • May have irregular areas of hyperpigmentation or hypopigmentation
  • Occasionally more than one type is present
Clinical Images

Images hosted on PathOut server:

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Breast skin, morphea, c/o of Dr. Mark R. Wick

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Image c/o Dr. Michael Inskip

Image hosted on Other server:

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Dermal sclerosis

Micro Description
  • Thickening and hyalinization of connective tissue of deep dermis, subcutaneous fat and muscular fascia, with perivascular and focal interstitial lymphocytic and plasma cell infiltrate in subcutaneous fat
  • Frequent atrophy of adnexal structures, increased fibroblasts, thickening and luminal narrowing of small vessels, blunting of dermal-subcutis interface, diminished elastic tissue
  • Often atrophy of epidermis, mucin deposition
  • Variable dystrophic calcification of blood vessels
  • Control biopsy from adjacent normal skin is helpful
Micro Images

Images of morphea hosted on PathOut server:

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Breast skin, c/o Dr. Mark R. Wick

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Image c/o Joel Pinczewski, M.D., Ph.D.

Negative Stains
  • Immunoglobulins
Differential Diagnosis
Additional References