Skin-nontumor / Clinical dermatology
Other dermatoses
Hemochromatosis

Author: Mowafak Hamodat, M.D., MB.CH.B, MSc., FRCPC (see Authors page)

Revised: 1 July 2016, last major update July 2011

Copyright: (c) 2002-2016, PathologyOutlines.com, Inc.

PubMed Search: Hemochromatosis [title] skin

Definition / General
  • Multisystemic disorder of iron metabolism with cutaneous manifestations in up to 90% of patients
  • Typically bronze pigmentation in the forehead and malar area ("bronzed diabetes"), may also be slate-gray
  • Pigmentation fades as iron levels decline
  • See also Liver chapter
Treatment
  • Phlebotomy
Micro Description
  • Thinning of the epidermis, increased melanin pigment in the basal layer
  • Golden brown granules of hemosiderin in the basement membrane region of sweat glands and in macrophages in loose connective tissue stroma of these glands
  • A small amount of hemosiderin is associated with sebaceous glands and their stroma
  • Small specks of hemosiderin can be seen in the epidermis with Pearls stain
Additional References