Lymphoma and plasma cell neoplasms
Plasma cell neoplasms
Cryoglobulinemia

Author: Nikhil Sangle, M.D. (see Authors page)

Revised: 3 April 2017, last major update March 2011

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PubMed Search: cryoglobulinemia lymphoma

Cite this page: Cryoglobulinemia. PathologyOutlines.com website. http://pathologyoutlines.com/topic/lymphomacryoglobulins.html. Accessed July 25th, 2017.
Definition / general
  • Proteins that precipitate as serum is cooled but before 37°C, redissolve upon warming
  • Either simple / type I (monoclonal), mixed / type II (two types of monoclonal immunoglobulin, usually IgG and IgM) or mixed / type III (like type II but polyclonal)
  • Type I: associated with multiple myeloma, lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma
  • Type II: associated with chronic active hepatitis C infection, autoimmune disease, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma
  • Type III: associated with chronic infection and autoimmune disease
Clinical features
  • Often no symptoms; also Raynaud phenomenon, ulceration, purpura
Treatment
  • Corticosteroids, plasmapheresis