Colon non tumor
Nonneoplastic, noncongenital lesions
Blue / green / red colon

Author: Raul S. Gonzalez, M.D. (see Authors page)

Revised: 11 January 2017, last major update August 2013

Copyright: (c) 2003-2017, PathologyOutlines.com, Inc.

PubMed Search: blue colon, green colon, red colon
Cite this page: Blue / green / red colon. PathologyOutlines.com website. http://pathologyoutlines.com/topic/colonbluecolon.html. Accessed November 17th, 2017.
Definition / general
  • Unusual gross pigmentation of the colon, typically observed at autopsy
Terminology
  • Also known as abnormal pigmentation of organs
Sites
  • Anywhere in the gastrointestinal tract, including stomach, duodenum and colon
Etiology
  • Due to pigments such as those in foods, food coloring or pharmaceutical drugs; may result from enteral feeding solutions containing these pigments
Clinical features
  • Patients may have similarly colored feces; food coloring is used to identify either aspirated gastric contents in suctioned airway fluids or the source of fistulous drainage
Diagnosis
  • All case reports have diagnosed findings at autopsy; cause of death was unrelated to colonic finding
Case reports
Gross description
  • Colonic mucosa and serosa diffusely stained with abnormal pigment; other gastrointestinal organs may show similar coloration
Gross images

Images hosted on other servers:

Green colon

Blue colon

Blueish red colon (Fig 3)

Microscopic (histologic) description
  • Colon normal microscopically, as pigment usually washes away or otherwise does not survive processing
Differential diagnosis
  • Melanosis coli: colon mucosa is black, not blue / green / red, serosa is unpigmented and pigment is observable microscopically