Home   Chapter Home   Jobs   Conferences   Fellowships   Books

 

 

Advertisement 

 

Breast-nonmalignant

Inflammatory / infectious

Fungal infections

 

Reviewer: Hind Nassar, M.D. in January 2009 (see Authors page)

Revised: 27 September 2012, last major update April 2010

Copyright: (c) 2002-2010, PathologyOutlines.com, Inc.

 

Definition

=========================================================================

 

Terminology

=========================================================================

● Fungal mastitis

 

Epidemiology

=========================================================================

● Uncommon

 

Sites

=========================================================================

 

Etiology

=========================================================================

 

Clinical features

=========================================================================

● Actinomycosis may develop in nipple and cause formation of a sinus tract

● Report of saline filled breast implants contaminated with Curvularia in 5 patients (J Infect Dis 2005;192:170)

Candida infection may interfere with breast feeding, but Candida albicans is not present in milk ducts in women with clinical symptoms of ductal candidiasis (Breastfeed Med 2009;4:57)

 

Prognostic factors

=========================================================================

 

Case reports

=========================================================================

● Immunosuppressed patient with breast nodule due to coccidiomycosis (Arch Pathol Lab Med 1991;115:1064)

● Cryptococcus in HIV+ patient (J Infect 2008;57:82)

Fusarium in 55 year old woman with diabetes (Indian J Med Microbiol 2005;23:198)

Histoplasma capsulatum causing granulomatous mastitis (Hum Pathol 1989;20:47, Arch Pathol Lab Med 2006;130:e1)

Trichophyton rubrum causing bilateral male breast enlargement (Breast 2006;15:263)

 

Treatment

=========================================================================

 

Clinical images

=========================================================================

 

Gross description (Macroscopy)

=========================================================================

 

Gross images

=========================================================================

 

 

Micro description (Histopathology)

=========================================================================

 

Micro images

=========================================================================

 

               

Fusarium - Clinical image and FNA smears

 

Histoplasma capsulatum

Fig 1: necrotizing granulomatous inflammation

Fig 2/3: histiocytes contain multiple intracellular organisms with peripheral clearing

Fig 4: GMS shows yeast with narrow-based buds and nonbudding yeast

 

Drawings

=========================================================================

 

Virtual Slides

=========================================================================

 

Videos

=========================================================================

 

Cytology description

=========================================================================

 

Cytology images

=========================================================================

 

Positive stains

=========================================================================

 

Negative stains

=========================================================================

 

Electron microscopy descriptions

=========================================================================

 

Electron microscopy images

=========================================================================

 

Molecular / cytogenetics description

=========================================================================

 

Molecular / cytogenetics images

=========================================================================

 

 

Differential Diagnosis

=========================================================================

● (link to topic)

 

Additional references

=========================================================================

 

End of Breast-nonmalignant > Inflammatory / infectious > Fungal infections

 

 

This information is intended for physicians and related personnel, who understand that medical information is often imperfect, and must also be interpreted in the context of a patient's clinical data using reasonable medical judgment.  This website should not be used as a substitute for the advice of a licensed physician.

 

All information on this website is protected by copyright of PathologyOutlines.com, Inc.  Information from third parties may also be protected by copyright.  Please contact us at copyrightPathOut@gmail.com with any questions (click here for other contact information).